What is Periodontal Surgery? (Treatments and Procedures)

Did your dentist recommend your gums to undergo surgery? If you are wondering what is periodontal surgery, this article will discuss things that you need to know about gum surgery. You can consult this periodontist in Sydney to check the condition of your gums.


Introduction to what is periodontal surgery

Knowing what is periodontal surgery may help you to understand how this treatment can help the condition of your gums. At times, your dentist will recommendThe woman is scheduled for a dental checkup. periodontal surgery to treat certain gum diseases and conditions, for example, such as gingivitis or periodontitis. This sort of a medical procedure is generally known as gum surgery.

Periodontal surgery aims to cure the gum disease and any harm it might have brought about by:

  • regrowing harmed tissues and bones
  • preventing tooth loss
  • decreasing gum spaces between teeth, called as black triangles
  • reforming the jaw hone to bring down the danger for bacterial development in a bone hole
  • removing bacteria and infection


What conditions can periodontal surgery treat?

Gum diseases like periodontitis and gingivitis may need surgical procedure.

Gingivitis is a mild type of gum disease that can cause gum swelling, redness, and bleeding. Frequently, it happens because of poor oral hygiene, plaque, and tartar buildup. Dental treatment such as gum surgery can turn around the condition.

On the other hand, periodontitis is a more extreme type of gum disease where gingivitis has exacerbated and progressed, leading to an inflammatory reaction that devastates bone and tissues.

At the time of the inflammatory cycle, the gums start to separate from the teeth. This condition causes gaps called pockets to create, which in turn trap microscopic organisms and lead to disease.

Therefore, bone damage and tooth loss can happen.


What are the types of gum surgery?

Identifying what is periodontal surgery for you may rely upon the type and seriousness of the gum disease.

Your dental surgeon may give the gums a deep clean before the surgery when the treatment known as deep scaling can eliminate plaque and bacteria from teeth and gums.

Another technique called root planing can flat the surfaces of the roots of the teeth, implying that there are fewer places for plaque and microorganisms to develop. This process likewise eliminates any tartar and plaque that is on the root.

Deep cleaning treatment usually refers to scaling and root planing.


Flap surgery

Flap surgery is beneficial for individuals who have calcium deposits in deep pockets. The treatment includes lifting the gums off of the teeth to eliminate tartar buildup.

Once the surgeon cleaned the part and eliminated the tartar, they will fasten the gums into place to fit around the teeth. At times, the bone may need restructuring during this surgery.

Bone grafting

At the point when the bone that encompasses the root of the tooth is harmed or destroyed, an individual may require a bone graft. This type of gum surgery includes supplanting the injured bone with new bone. This bone might be the individual’s bone, a manufactured, or donated bone.

The objective of bone grafting is to support the tooth in place and assist it in regrowing.

Guided tissue regeneration

During this type of periodontal surgery, your surgeon will put a little bit of mesh-like component between an individual’s bone and gum tissue.

The material keeps the gum from developing into space where bone should be, permitting the bone and connective tissue to regrow.

Tissue grafting

Gum line recession is brought about by the loss of gum tissue and may need soft tissue grafting to lessen the danger of additional harm.

During tissue grafting, your dental surgeon commonly eliminates tissue from one piece of the body and re-connects it to the region where the gum has receded. The tissue frequently comes from the top of the mouth.

Tissue grafting decreases the danger for additional harm as well as covers any uncovered roots.

Other treatment alternatives include:

Laser therapy: Even though no current proof completely supports it, a few dentists utilize laser therapy to decrease the size of pockets and reestablish harmed connective tissue.

Tissue-stimulating proteins: This treatment includes utilizing a protein-containing gel to invigorate bone and tissue development.


Preparation for periodontal surgery

The dentist performs gum surgery on the patient.Before an individual has a periodontal surgery, a dentist will do a pre-operative test to ensure it is secure to have surgery.

During the pre-operative exam, the dentist will probably:

  • get a medical history review and perform an exam
  • inspect the teeth, mouth, and jaw to analyze for health and stability
  • check for any abscesses, infections, or different lesions that could make mending from surgery more difficult
  • discuss the dangers and advantages of the process, and get authorization or consent to push ahead with the periodontal surgery



While regular dental exams are essential to eliminate tartar and identify early indications of gum disease, oral health starts by properly caring for your teeth and gums at home.

Good dental hygiene is typically effective in preventing and reversing the condition. Follow the proper oral hygiene practice such as brush your teeth twice a day and floss each day.

Also, it would be great to eat a healthy diet and get regular dental checkups for the surest approach to notice early warning signs of periodontal disease and other oral health problems.